Die NATO: Russlands ewiger Gegner?


Struggle is about the worst thing peoplecan do to other beings, I suppose. A mas of parties will probably agreed to accept me. But how can weprevent wars? The opinions are divided. One course isto ally yourself with others so that you are so strongthat no one affects you. One such alliance is NATO, founded in 1949. A defensive confederation designed toprotect countries in Europe and The americas from fighting. It is considered by countless tobe a great success story. But not for everyone. There are those who saythat NATO does not pay enough attention to countries thatare not part of the alliance. Russian PresidentVladimir Putin even describes NATOas a threat. What is true? And what aboutthe eastward expansion of NATO? For this we arenow looking at the history of NATO in a video thatmany of you have requested and which, asyou can imagine, also has a current reason: the fighting in Ukraine. Let’s start with chapter one: we go back to 1945, the second world war is over. And then thereare new conflicts. The United Mood of Americaand the Soviet Union face each otheras the brand-new superpowers.And with themtwo very different political and ideological systems with differentviews of freedom. Broken down awfully succinctly: capitalism versus communism. Many countries in Western Europe fear that the Soviet Unioncould expand its sphere of influence by fomenting changes or by directmilitary attempts. Hence the founding of NATO. On August 24, 1949, the so-calledNorth Atlantic Treaty comes into force. NATO is also appointed after him: North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Members are the twelve countries ofBelgium, Denmark, France, the United Kingdom, Iceland, Italy, Canada, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal and the United Statesof America. The signatory statesof the North Atlantic Treaty declare their political will todefend themselves together. They want to settleevery international polemic they are involvedin quietly. The most importantagreement is that if a member isattacked militarily, the others will take it as an attackon themselves and cure. Each member takes the necessary measures: This rider is called aNATO alliance case. However, NATO understands itself primarilyas a political confederation and also as a community of values.The marriages too want to worktogether economically and talk about political issuesbeyond pure defense. NATO’s goal, asa catchy saying introduce it, is: keep the Russians out, keepthe Americans in, and keep the Germans small-minded. It is no longer known todaywho firstly developed it that way. Today the saying is common knowledge, it may also sound flippant. But for me there is still alot of truth in it: At the time, parties were afraid ofthe militarily strong Soviet Union. The Americans withdrew from Europeafter World War I. Then there was war again. The EuropeanNATO countries are concerned with involving the USA in politics inEurope. In addition, the supremacy of NATO lies above all in the strength ofthe superpower USA. That is still the case today. And the Germans who started World War II should be controlled. That’s why the Germans aren’t even there when NATO is founded, or the West Germans.Because there weretwo German countries back then: the Federal Republic of Germany andthe German Democratic Republic. It was not until 1955 thatChancellor Konrad Adenauer indicated the Federal Republic’s instrument of accession to NATO, which was not without controversy at the time. In Warsaw, the Soviet Union, the GDR, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania and Albania sign a treatyof friendship, cooperation and mutual assistance. You probably know this alliancebetter under the name: The military federation of thesocialist states in Europe.Before that, the Soviet Union had applied to becomea member of NATO. That was just one reason to start your own defense alliance. And so to chapter three: In the late 1950 s, NATO’s strategy is quite simple: any attempt would be met with the full useof nuclear weapons. The most brutal deterrent possible: If you criticize, we’ll bomb you away! First of all, onlythe United Country has weapons or more atomic weapon. But when the Soviet Unionfollows clothing with nuclear weapon, this menace becomes meaningless because it is eventually aim the end of civilizationin nuclear war in conflict situations. So NATO is changingits strategy. The new programme ofthe adaptable response fantasizes stopping an attack byconventional means firstly and then, if necessary, utilizing nuclear weapon first.The goal is clear: securityand treaty through deterrence. The Warsaw Pactdoes the same thing in reverse. And because everyone knows about the threatof nuclear war, that balanceof terror operates pretty well for 40 years. Even if there is noreal peace, but a cold war, at least there is no hot fight. During the Cold War there arephases of major conflict and phases of dtente. In the end it isnot the weapons that decide the campaign, but economicskills. While the West is spouting huge sumsinto armaments, the East is running out of money. In 1991 the Soviet Unionand the Warsaw Pact are history. NATO remains, but it must reconsider its role. And so to chapter 4: The members of NATO do not want thedissolution of the tried and experimented alignment. Too, the menacingSoviet nuclear weapons are not gone, they now belong to Russia. Even if friendly relations are in the offing with this state, challenger and the proposed establishment of federations arestill securely secured in people’s minds. And of course that hasan impact on politics. Many of the formerWarsaw Pact countries now want to becomemembers of NATO, also because ofthe historical experience.Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republicand other nations want to securetheir independence from Russia forever by joining the alliance. Of trend, Russia isa potent country. It wants to have a say in what is happening inits neighborhood. Russiaand then-President Boris Yeltsin are of course anythingbut enthusiastic that formerWarsaw Pact governments want to join the western alliance. After all, he is asked whether Polandand the Czech Republic can affiliate, and he agrees. Hesees things differently in the other territories. This leads to a disputeabout NATO’s eastward expansion. Since the 1990 s, Russia has insisted that onetime Soviet Union countriesshould not attach NATO.An exceptionare the Baltic countries, whose incorporationinto the Soviet Union was never accepted by the western states. Today’s Russian PresidentVladimir Putin insists that during the negotiationson German unification in 1990 there were verbal promises that NATO wouldnot expand eastwards. And he’s right. These verbalpromises actually existed. That can be demonstrated perfectly. However, it must be said thatthese verbal commitments were neverrecorded in writing. There are nolegally binding papers. NATO’s non-expansioneastwards is never written into legally bindingtreaties. In 1997, Russia even recognized bytreaty that it had no veto powerover NATO membership of any other country, including those under the East. We have attached the above-mentioned documents of the so-calledNATO-Russia Founding Act below. I can look in there and learn for myself what exactly is in there. Very interesting, especially from today’s perspective. In 1999 Poland, Hungaryand the Czech Republic met NATO. Then in 2004 Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia.You view, the borderof the NATO alliance is now right next to Russia. Although NATO isa defensive alignment, Putin discovers thisas a insult. He alleges for understanding that Russia isfighting against eastward enlargement and againstNATO plans. He even speaks of a threat. Some sayhe’s not just attributing this threat toRussia’s armed security, it’s also likely to be Russia’s free, democratic system that could be of concern to Putin. In order to remain in power, hecontrols the media, the judiciary and the policeand cracks down on reviewers, most recentlywith a brand-new regulation against alleged untrue reports, for example about the combat in Ukraine. NATO is also obviouslychanging the national strategy in the new millennium and is defining further objectives. It is no longer justabout attacking one’s own territory, but about a extensive coming. So to chapter five: After the end of the alliance dissension, the coalition forces experiences the key role primarily as a stabilizationand democratization alignment that happens in conflicts.Around 1992 in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Too its implementation of the Kosovo Force, KFOR for short-lived, since 1999. This new course isalso relatively easy for the alliance because it has always considered itself as apolitical alliance. Incidentally, German soldiers are in action in Kosovofor the first time since 1945. The air conflict in which NATO troopsbombed Yugoslavia is highly controversialand some experts see it as illegal under international law.Becausethere is no UN Security Council mandate. Russia use its veto to support its allySerbia. However, NATO claims that a humanitarian catastrophemust be prevented because the Albanians living in Kosovo arebeing expelled on a massive scale. This is one of the reasonsfor today’s hostile relationship between Russia and NATO. Russia accuses the United Statesand its allies of actingas they see fit, wanting to defend themselves against the two attacks by NATO, for example. The assaults of September 11, 2001 are also a determined pointfor NATO’s role model. Because the terrorist attacks in the USAclaim nearly 3,000 lives and they thumped the heart ofthe superpower. For the first and so far simply timein history, the alliance case is extol. Afghanistan is considered a safehaven for al-Qaeda terrorists. US and British troops engaged alongside Afghan opponents ofthe Taliban. What follows is a nearly 20 -yearNATO operation in support of the government. A very long waragainst the Taliban until NATO withdraws in 2021 and the Taliban take power. There are numerousother NATO goals based on UN solvings: members of the mission in Sudan since 2005, the training missionfor the Iraqi army, and many others. At the beginning ofthe 2000 s, politicians from the USA in particular had the idea that NATO could be expanded into a kind ofworld police force. Increasingly, some see itas a global force of guild, which is controversial both insideand outside the coalition forces. The US President at the time, George W. Bush, too promotedthe eastward expansion of NATO. Albania and Croatia will join in 2009, and Bush plans to developa NATO missile shield. In actuality, such a missile shield would hugely reform the balance betweenthe nuclear power Russia and NATO, for example with the nuclear power USA. And that challenges Putin. Because the Russian Presidentis striving to conclude hiscountry a strong world power again, like the Soviet Unionor the Russian Tsarist Empire were. Therefore, he responds withthe development of new weapon systems. In addition, Putin is pursuinga much more active foreign policy.Russia is active in Syria and Libya with regular troopsand mercenaries. Whenthe pro-Russian government pate by Viktor Yanukovych wasoverthrown in Ukraine in 2014, Putin feared that Ukrainecould turn altogether to the West. He annexes the Crimean Peninsula from Ukraine and supportsthe pro-Russian separatists in the fighting in eastern Ukraine. We made an extra video on the history of Ukraine, you can find it on the “i” above. The European peace order, which was considered stable for so long, is getting more and more cracks.As a make, NATO stationedso-called battlegroups in the Baltic territory. She emphasizes over and over again: for deterrence. For defensein case of an emergency, which is the basic idea of Vladimir Putin, on the other hand, speaks of a threat. The situationkeeps continues to deteriorate. NATO insists on theright of folks to self-determination. By the lane, in 2017 Montenegro willjoin NATO. 2020 North Macedonia, the latest expansion so far. By the lane, NATO representatives do not agree on how the allianceshould behave after the Russian activities. There are internal disputes over a number of things, such as the amountof limbs spending. These should actually amount to two percentof the gross national product. But Germany and mostother countries are far below.Many discussionsand strategy alters have brought NATO to the brinkof inability to react. And then FrenchPresident Emmanuel Macron calls NATO 2019, repeat: “brain dead”. This is not farfrom the opinion of US President Donald Trump, who described NATO as antiquated. But the time of discordseems to be over. When Russia attacks all of Ukraine in the early stages of 2022, it is a wake-up call for NATO. The partnersdemonstrate harmony and decide onjoint reactions. German ChancellorOlaf Scholz wants to invest more moneyin armaments. He speaks of a turning point. For NATO, national and alliance protection shouldonce again be a priority. So far, NATO doesnot intend to intervene directly in the Russia-Ukraine war.Because Ukraineis not a member of NATO. The risk of escalationis very high. In a action, NATO faces thesame dilemma as before: how to deter a powerthat likewise retains nuclear weapons? Youcan only threaten a nuclear power to a limited extent because it can alsodetonate nuclear weapons. And Vladimir Putin knows thatvery well. So NATO has to find a wayout of this impasse. Certainly not an easy task. Ultimately, what is very important for me to emphasize: This video dealswith the history of NATO, how it has changed. What we didn’t want to do with thisvideo is to show how immense or helpful NATO is. Let others make an assessment. There are a lot critical thingsto say about NATO. For example, the eastward expansion, which I think should have been done differently. Or the attack on Yugoslaviais still highly controversial today. There are other topics about this. It’s very important to me: this shouldn’t be a NATO jubilation video. I wished to know: How do you determine NATO? How do you find their development? Important, if the newsabout war is scaring you, annoying you, don’t deal with it alone.I get a lot of themes now thattouch me. Of course I feel honoredif you written down me. It’s best to talk about it personallywith beings you trust, or you can turn toprofessional help such as the Kummer number.We’ll link you in the info container. If you want to find out moreabout the Ukraine war, which was also thereason for this video, then you will find a videoabout the war in Ukraine now, including a video about NATOby “MrWissen2go”. Thank you for watching. told you next time.

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